Saturday, July 18, 2015

"Moving Toward Facts and Empirical Evidence"

Cites from SMART Office Research Reports
Incidence and Prevalence of Sexual Offending
by Jane Wiseman
Etiology of Adult Sexual Offending
by Susan Faupel, M.S.W.
Adult Sex Offender Typologies
by Dominique A. Simons
Internet-Facilitated Sexual Offending
by Michael Seto, Ph.D.
Adult Sex Offender Recidivism
byRoger Przybylski
Sex Offender Risk Assessment
by Kevin Baldwin, Ph.D.
Effectiveness of Treatment for Adult Sex Offenders
by Roger Przybylski
Sex Offender Management Strategies
by Christopher Lobanov-Rostovsky

Evidence Based: "Despite the intuitive value of using science to guide decision making, laws and policies designed to combat sexual offending are often introduced or enacted in the absence of empirical support. However, there is little question that both public safety and the efficient use of public resources would be enhanced if sex offender management strategies were based on evidence of effectiveness rather than other factors." Source: Adult Sex Offender Typologies
Additional notes or comments

Cite from Recidivism of Sex Offenders Released from Prison in 1994

Recidivism: "As part of their study, (Recidivism of Sex Offenders Released from Prison in 1994) Langan, Schmitt, and Durose (2003) conducted a comparative analysis of recidivism among sex offenders and non-sex offenders. Findings were based on the 3-year postrelease offending of 9,691 sex offenders and 262,420 non-sex offenders released from prison in 1994. The analysis revealed that once released, the sex offenders had a lower overall rearrest rate than non-sex offenders (43 percent compared to 68 percent), but their sex crime rearrest rate was four times higher than the rate for non-sex offenders (5.3 percent compared to 1.3 percent). Similar patterns are consistently found in other studies that compare sex offender and non-sex offender recidivism (see, e.g., Sample & Bray, 2003; Hanson, Scott, & Steffy, 1995)." Source: Recidivism Rates: All Sex Offenders
Note: Some times percentages alone do not tell the real story:
5.3% -v- 1.3% lets translate % to actual numbers 5.3% = 517 sex offenses (victims) and 1.3% = 3,328 sex offenses (victims) all occurring over the same 3-year period. Non sex offenders being more dangerous to the community than are former sex offenders. And, this evidence shows that lawmakers have known this since at least 2003, and have done ZERO about it. Residency laws should govern ALL NON SOs on parole/probation/supervised release because they are more dangerous to the community than former registered citizens.

Cite from Juveniles who commit sex offenses against minors Bulletin

Juvenile Offenders: Key findings from this 2009 Bulletin include the following: Juveniles account for more than one-third (35.6 percent) of those known to police to have committed sex offenses against minors.
Additional comments: In a 2012 news article they cite the same 2009 Bulletin: Dealing with child-on-child sex abuse not one size fits all Recent high-profile cases of child sex abuse have roused national revulsion against the adults who perpetrated them. Rarely mentioned is the sobering statistic that more than one-third of the sexual abuse of America's children is committed by other minors. ... Basic data about child-on-child sex abuse is detailed in an authoritative, Justice Department-sponsored analysis of crime data from 29 states. Conducted by three prominent researchers, the 2009 analysis found that juveniles accounted for 35.6% of the people identified by police as having committed sex offenses against minors. ...

Cites from several well known sources:

Myths and Facts about sex offenders and offenses:
CSOM: Myths and Facts About Sex Offenders Fact Sheet: What You Need to Know About Sex Offenders
California Attorney General: Facts about Sex Offenders
Parents for Megans Law: Statistics - Offenders
Scientific America: Once a Sex Offender, Always a Sex Offender? Maybe not.
RSOL: Ten Myths about Sex Offenders
DOJ NSOWP: Facts and Statistics
Sex Offender Implications for Treatment and Public Policy
OnceFallen Myths: The Foundation for Sex Offender Laws

Cites from Wikipedia a well known source:

High Profile crimes which led to sex offender laws:
2005: eAdvocates Chart of High Profile Crimes leading to sex offender laws
1981: Adam Walsh
1995: Jimmy Ryce
2003: Dru Sjodin